Eleazar ben Jair

(fl. 1st cent)
   Palestinian Zealot leader. After the assassination of Menahem ben Judah in 66, he led Jewish forces to the fortress of Masada and held it for seven years. When it was surrounded by the Romans, he persuaded the Jews to kill one another rather than be captured.

Dictionary of Jewish Biography. .

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  • ELEAZAR BEN JAIR — (first cent. C.E.), chief of the Sicarii who captured the fortress of masada at the beginning of the Roman war (Jos., Wars, 2:447; 7:275ff.). Eleazar was commander of the besieged fortress from 66 until its fall in 73. According to Josephus he… …   Encyclopedia of Judaism

  • Haninah ben Teradion — Rabbinical Eras Chazal Zugot Tannaim Amoraim Savoraim Geonim Rishonim Acharonim Rabbi Haninah ben Teradion or Hananiah ben Teradion (Hebrew: חנניה בן תרדיון) was a teacher in the third Tannaitic generation (2nd century). He was a contemporary of… …   Wikipedia

  • Hanina ben Dosa — Rabbinical Eras Chazal Zugot Tannaim Amoraim Savoraim Geonim Rishonim Acharonim Hanina ben Dosa (1st century, CE) (Hebrew: חנינא בן דוסא‎) was a scholar and miracle worker, and the pupil of Johanan ben Zakkai (Berakhot, 34b). He is buried in the… …   Wikipedia

  • Matteya ben Heresh — Rabbinical Eras Chazal Zugot Tannaim Amoraim Savoraim Geonim Rishonim Acharonim Matteya ben Heresh or Mattithiah (Hebrew: מתיא בן חרש) was a Roman tanna of the 2nd century. He was born in Judea, probably a pupil of R. Ishmael, and certainly a… …   Wikipedia

  • Hanina ben Hakinai — Rabbinical Eras Chazal Zugot Tannaim Amoraim Savoraim Geonim Rishonim Acharonim Hanina ben Hakinai or Hanania ben Hakinai (Hebrew: חנינא בן חכינאי) was a Tanna of the 2nd century; contemporary of Ben Azzai and Simon the Temanite (Tosef., Ber. iv …   Wikipedia

  • Akabia ben Mahalalel — Akavia redirects here. For the Israeli writer and translator, see Miriam Akavia. Rabbinical Eras Chazal Zugot Tannaim Amoraim Savoraim Geonim Rishonim Acharonim Akabia ben Mahalalel (Hebrew: עקביא בן מהללאל‎), was a Jewish religious teacher,… …   Wikipedia

  • Nehunya ben ha-Kanah — Rabbinical Eras Chazal Zugot Tannaim Amoraim Savoraim Geonim Rishonim Acharonim Nehunya ben ha Kanah (Hebrew: נחוניה בן הקנה) was a Tanna of the 1st and 2nd centuries. It appears from B. B. 10b that Neḥunya was a contemporary, but not a pupil, of …   Wikipedia

  • Dosa ben Harkinas — Rabbinical Eras Chazal Zugot Tannaim Amoraim Savoraim Geonim Rishonim Acharonim Dosa ben Harkinas (Hebrew: רבי דוסא בן הרכינס‎) was of the first generation of the Jewish Tanna sages, proceeding the era of the Zugot. Contemporary to Yochanan ben… …   Wikipedia

  • Eleasar ben Ja'ir — Eleasar ben Ja ir, auch Eleazar Ben Ya ir und weitere Namensvarianten, († 73) war der letzte Anführer der jüdischen Verteidiger Sikarier (Gruppe der Zeloten) der Hochplateau Festung Masada im Jahre 73 n. Chr. Kurz vor Einnahme der Festung durch… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • MASADA — (Heb. מְצָדָה, Meẓadah), Herod s palatial fortress and the last stronghold during the Jewish War against Rome (66–73/74 C.E.). Geography Masada is situated on an isolated rock plateau on the eastern fringe of the Judean Desert near the western… …   Encyclopedia of Judaism

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